A Comprehensive Guide to The Types of Hummingbirds in Costa Rica

Welcome to the vibrant world of Costa Rica, a land renowned for its lush rainforests, pristine beaches, and dazzling array of wildlife. Among the many wonders this Central American paradise offers, hummingbirds are nature’s tiny jewels.

With over 50 bird species gracing the Costa Rican skies, these fluttering wonders are a sight. Join us on a journey through the mesmerizing world of Costa Rica’s hummingbirds.

The bright colors on hummingbird feeders are designed to mimic the flowers they naturally feed on.

Why Costa Rica is a Hummingbird Haven

Costa Rica, with its diverse ecosystems ranging from tropical rainforests to cloud forests, provides an ideal habitat for hummingbirds. Unlike their counterparts in the United States, these vibrant birds call Costa Rica home year-round.

Hummingbirds are some of the most amazing birds in the world; they only exist in the Americas and are the only birds that can fly backward. They feed on nectar and small insects.

Their presence is so profound that they’ve become key architects of the small country’s environment, playing a vital role in pollination and maintaining ecological balance.

What is the most common hummingbird in Costa Rica?

The Rufous-tailed Hummingbird (Amazilia tzacatl) is the most common hummingbird in Costa Rica. It can be found in various habitats, including gardens, forest edges, and coffee plantations, ranging from the lowlands to mid-level cloud forests.

The bird is named for its conspicuous ruddy tail. At a glance, it might resemble the ruby-throated hummingbird, but the Rufous-tailed Hummingbird is distinct with its pink-tinged beak.

What is the rarest hummingbird in Costa Rica?

The Mangrove Hummingbird (Amazilia boucardi) is one of the rarest hummingbirds in Costa Rica. This species is unique because it is endemic to Costa Rica and is found nowhere else.

Its primary habitat is the mangroves along the Pacific Coast. The Mangrove Hummingbird has a particular affinity for the nectar of the tea mangrove tree.

How Many Types of Hummingbirds Can We Find in Costa Rica?

Costa Rica is home to at least 50 species of hummingbirds. This makes the upper parts of the country a natural paradise for hummingbirds, with about three times as many species as the whole of the United States.

  • The Fiery-throated Hummingbird: Found in high-altitude regions, this bird is a spectacle with its iridescent throat that seems to be on fire.
  • The Violet Sabrewing: It is one of the largest Costa Rican hummingbirds, weighing 11.5 grams, and its deep violet plumage is a sight to behold.
  • Purple-throated mountain gem: Found in the cloud forests, it has a distinct purple throat that stands out against its green body.
  • The White-necked Jacobin: Often spotted in the lowlands, this bird is known for its striking blue head and white belly.
  • Scintillant hummingbird (Selasphorus scintilla): This is the smallest hummingbird in Costa Rica, with the male weighing just two grams. It’s a tiny wonder of nature sure to captivate any observer.
  • White-throated mountain gem: Found in the damp oak forests of the highlands, the male sports a snow-white throat, bluish forecrown, greenback, and gray tail. Females have rich cinnamon underparts, and iridescent-green backs tinged in blue.
  • Magnificent hummingbird: This bird showcases its shimmering plumage in the high-altitude regions of Costa Rica, especially along the Cerro de la Muerte. It frequents the humid montane forests from 2000 meters up to the timberline.

… and the list goes on. In Costa Rica, you can find other hummingbirds like the volcano hummingbird, the charming hummingbird, the cinnamon hummingbird, the black crested coquette, the white-bellied mountain gem, the green crowned brilliant, the coppery-headed emerald, the black-bellied hummingbird, and many other types of colorful hummingbirds.

Each species, with its unique colors and characteristics, adds to the rich tapestry of Costa Rica’s biodiversity.

Where Is the Best Place to See Hummingbirds in Costa Rica?

While these birds can be spotted throughout Costa Rica, there are certain hotspots where you’re guaranteed a front-row seat to their aerial displays:

  • Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve: A haven for birdwatchers, this region offers a chance to spot multiple hummingbird species in one place.
  • La Paz Waterfall Gardens: Home to a dedicated hummingbird garden, it’s a paradise for photographers and nature lovers.
  • Talamanca Mountains: The high-altitude regions here are perfect for spotting some rarer species.
  • San Gerardo de Dota: Situated in the Talamanca Mountains, this region is known for its high concentration of hummingbirds, especially the Resplendent Quetzal. The cool climate and abundant flora make it a hummingbird paradise.
  • La Selva Biological Station in Sarapiqui: This lowland tropical rainforest reserve is a hotspot for biodiversity, and various hummingbird species frequent its gardens and trails.
  • Poas Volcano National Park: The high-altitude regions around the volcano are home to several unique species of hummingbirds, making it an excellent spot for birdwatching.
Hummingbirds live in the cloud forests and other tropical habitats in Costa Rica.

Experience the Hummingbird Magic with FindMyCostaRica

Costa Rica’s hummingbirds are more than just birds; they’re a testament to the country’s rich biodiversity and natural beauty. As you plan your next adventure, let these tiny wonders guide you as you explore Costa Rica’s many treasures.

At FindMyCostaRica, we’re not just about tours but about experiences. Our curated packages offer you an immersive journey into the heart of Costa Rica’s wildlife. Whether you’re an avid birdwatcher or a casual traveler looking to capture the perfect shot, our tours are tailored to meet your needs.

Ready to embark on the journey of a lifetime? Book your tour with Find My Costa Rica and let the magic of Costa Rica’s hummingbirds enchant you.

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